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What Is It?
The bitter/sour fruit of a specific citrus variety (family Rutaceae), related to but entirely distinct from the more common sweet orange.
WINTER (Can be frozen and used year-round)
Sour/bitter, acidic (juice), highly fragrant, intensely orangey
Bitter, sour, bigarade, and/or marmalade orange.
Specialty Grocery Stores, Fruit Markets, Direct from Growers, Special Order (Online or In-Store)
Bright orange, relatively firm oranges with a fragrant peel. Some softness and surface scarring is normal.
Difficulty: Low – Easy to peel and juice. The numerous seeds need to be strained out if using the juice. The peel and zest are easy to work with.
Generally cooked, though technically edible raw. The peel or zest is popular in preserves (e.g. marmalade). The juice is used in sauces, marinades, and desserts.
Ripen: Room Temperature
Short Term: Refrigerate
Long Term: Freeze whole
Sour/Bitter (NOT Sweet); Highly aromatic with a powerful ‘orange’ scent and flavour (especially in the zest).
A mix of sweet orange and lemon juice can sometimes work (see “Need More Detail?” below).
Important in European preserves (e.g. marmalade) and desserts, Cuban and Mexican savory cooking, and some East Asian sauces and recipes.
Savory: Pork, duck, rich & intense meats; cilantro, onion, garlic, oregano
Sweet: Chocolate, lemon, whisky
Chinnotto, Daidai, Florida/Cuban Sour Orange, Bergamot (Bergamot is highly distinctive and not interchangeable with standard bitter oranges)
Extremely high in Vitamin C.
For a full nutritional profile, click Need More Detail? below.
The fruit is entirely edible or usable, including the skin (zest and pith), flesh/juice, and seeds.
Health & Science
– Seville oranges are used to manufacture a weight-loss supplement known or suspected to cause serious side effects.
– As with grapefruit (and many other citrus), Seville oranges may interact with certain classes of drugs.
Organic vs. Conventional
Both organic and conventionally grown Seville oranges are available, though availability may be limited.