Chinese Chilies

Chinese chilies are a small, spicy pepper popular in both Central American and East Asian cooking. The flavour is sharp, bright, slightly acidic, and quite spicy. The pepper is native to Central America, but is grown extensively in China. In Mexican and Central American stores they’ll generally sold under the name Chiles Japones. In Asian grocery stores, they’re generally sold as Chinese chilies, Tianjin (or Tian Tsin) chilies, or simply hot chilies. They may also be sold as Thai chilies, though this name generally refers to a separate group of hotter chili peppers common in Southeast Asian cooking.

Nomenclature is something of an issue for this pepper. Several very similar small hot chilies are sold under a variety of similar or identical names, and these names are affected by differences in language, location, and marketing. For clarification on this, consult the “Types and Varieties” section below. Regardless of the confusion, there is significant overlap in the flavour and spice-level of these various chilies, and they can be used more-or-less interchangeably.

Chinese chilies are generally available whole (as shown in the picture), and ground or crushed, though it is generally difficult to find crushed or ground Chinese chilies that have been accurately and specifically labeled as such.

Chinese chilies should, ideally, be differentiated from the group of thin, hot chilies called Thai chilies, though this can be difficult at times.

Scoville Heat Units

40,00-70,000 (high)


MEXICAN RECIPES

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  • Shakshouka Rancheros - Eggs poached in a spiced tomato sauce, loaded with Mexican flavours and ingredients - Diversivore.com
    Shakshouka Rancheros
    Shakshouka is given a New World spin with flavours and ingredients native to Mexico. Simple, fresh, scratch-made, vegetarian, and incredibly healthy breakfast!
  • Pico de gallo, or salsa fresca - uncooked tomato, onion, cilantro, and pepper salsa - Diversivore.com
    Pico de Gallo
    Pico de gallo is simple to make and easy to love. This recipe uses multiple measurements to make consistent batches, as well as annotations and variations.
  • Arroz Verde - Green Rice made with Poblanos and Cilantro - Diversivore.com
    Arroz Verde (Mexican Green Rice)
    Rice doesn't have to be a dull side dish. Poblanos and cilantro provide the base for a green rice that's packed with flavour but easy to prepare.
  • Instant Pot Brisket with Pasilla-Morita Adobo - Diversivore.com
    Instant Pot Brisket with Pasilla-Morita Adobo
    Meltingly tender beef (thanks to the electric pressure cooker) and sweet-smoky scratch-made adobo made with loads of roasted veggies make for a fan-freakin-tastic taco recipe.
  • Spot Prawns and Rajas (Roasted Poblano Pepper Strips) in a Creamy Buttermilk or Jocoque sauce - Diversivore.com
    Spot Prawn and Raja Enchiladas with Buttermilk Sauce
    Spot prawns combine with roasted poblano rajas and a jocoque-esque (and DIY) creamy buttermilk sauce in this amazing Mexican enchilada recipe.
  • Mexican Christmas Salad with beets, oranges, and jicama - Diversivore.com
    Mexican Christmas Salad
    A spectacular seasonal delight, full of citrus, jicama, shredded beets, and candied nuts. This salad is spectacular in both its presentation and flavour.
  • Yucatecan Mexican Fish Tacos with Green Peach Salsa - Diversivore.com
    Yucatecan Fish Tacos with Green Peach Salsa
    Who doesn't love a good taco? These tacos are built from the base up around Yucatecan spices and an unusual but addictive salsa made with firm 'green' peaches.
  • Pambazos con Huevos - perfectly messy Mexican stuffed sandwiches, drenched in guajillo sauce and fried - Diversivore.com
    Pambazos con Huevos
    Guajillo-soaked Mexican sandwiches with spiced potatoes and a creamy egg-tomatillo salsa verde. Delicious, vegetarian, and easy thanks to the make-in-advance mini-recipes that are used in the filling.
  • K'uut Bi Ik (Dried Chili Salsa) made with morita chipotles for a smoky and delicious twist on the Yucatecan classic - Diversivore.com
    Smoky Dried Chili Salsa (K'uut Bi Ik)
    Nothing finishes a good Mexican recipe like a really great salsa. While cooked and fresh salsas are wonderful, it's hard to beat the simplicity and impact of k'uut...
  • Pressure cooker Carnitas con Queso (tender beef bites with crispy melted cheese) - Diversivore.com
    Instant Pot Carnitas con Queso
    Deliciously tender Mexican pork, finished with crispy, bubbly cheese. The 'Con Queso' part involves a griddle or frying pan, but all the hard work necessary to get deliciously...
  • Mezcalita del Ocaso - Mezcal cocktail with grilled pineapple, chili, and hibiscus agua fresca - Diversivore.com
    Mezcalita del Ocaso
    Sunset Mezcal Cocktail - made with grilled marinaded pineapple, lime, cascabel chili, hibiscus agua fresca, and of course bold and smoky mezcal.
  • Halibut escabeche - cooked and marinated with olive oil, vinegar, garlic and jalapenos - Diversivore.com
    Halibut Escabeche
    Halibut steaks are cooked and then preserved in olive oil, vinegar, jalapenos, and spices to create a simple, healthy, and easy make-ahead meal.
  • Smoky Mexican Oyster Mushroom Soup - Diversivore.com
    Smoky Mexican Oyster Mushroom Soup
    Oyster mushrooms and smoky chipotles come together to make a memorable, delicious, and very simple Mexican soup that's both vegan and gluten-free.
  • Broiled fish tacos with avocado-grapefruit salsa - from Simply Citrus by Marie Asselin
    Broiled Fish Tacos with Avocado Grapefruit Salsa
    In this recipe, the fish is coated in aromatic spices and broiled in just a few minutes - just the time it takes to assemble the zesty salsa....
  • Seafood Soup with Red Pipian Sauce - Diversivore.com
    Red Pipian Seafood Soup
    Mole doesn't have to be insanely complicated. Red pipian sauce is packed with flavour, but fairly easy to prepare - and to transform into a rich, velvety soup.
  • Spent-hen Chicken Tacos and Soup, made together in an InstantPot electric pressure cooker - Diversivore.com
    Tacos y Sopa de Pollo Gastado
    Stewing (spent) hens have a richer, deeper flavour that more than makes up for their less-tender meat. Get 2+ meals out of one with this pressure-cooker recipe!
  • Chicken tinga, served as tacos with pico de gallo, avocados and cheese - Diversivore.com
    Chicken Tinga
    You can make this amazing, authentic meal without venturing beyond the average grocery store. It makes amazing tacos, tortas, quesadillas, tlayudas and more. Adapted from Pati Jinich's version in...
  • Puerco Pibil - Yucatecan slow-cooked pork made here with an Instant Pot pressure cooker - Diversivore.com
    Pressure Cooker Puerco Pibil (Yucatecan Shredded Pork)
    A classic and unforgettable Yucatecan Mexican dish, modified here for an electric pressure cooker. Scratch-made with wonderful ingredients, plus a smoky twist.
  • Carne Asada Borracha - beer and guajillo chili marinated flank steak - Diversivore.com
    Carne Asada Borracha
    Flank steak, marinated in a savory and salty blend of guajillo chilies, beer, and soy sauce, then seared to perfection. Simple, inexpensive, and delicious.